Refers to the health of women during their pregnancy, during delivery and post partum (post delivery).

Maternal Mortality

According to the World Health Organization, 287,000 women died in pregnancy and childbirth in 2010. Nearly all these deaths were preventable. 

800 women a day die in pregnancy or childbirth and of that number over 50% of the women are from Sub Saharan Africa.
Approximately 99% of maternal deaths occur in the world’s poorest countries and a higher number of these women are from rural areas.

Pregnant girls under the age of 15 years are at a much higher risk of Maternal Mortality. Increased adolescent pregnancies occur in areas where the girls come from poor backgrounds with little to no education.

The 4 biggest contributing factors leading to Maternal Mortality:
1. Post partum haemorrhage (severe bleeding)
2. Pre eclampsia & eclampsia (high blood pressure and fitting)
3. Infection
4. Unsafe abortions

(Mamas 4 Mamas partners with Life for African Mothers to supply medication to decrease death from severe bleeding and eclampsia).

Access to adequate and skilled healthcare before and after giving birth helps save the lives of women and their babies. Over the last 20 years Maternal Mortality in Sub Saharan Africa has decreased by over 50%.

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs):

In 2000, 189 countries made a declaration to help relieve people from extreme poverty and multiple social, economic and environmental deficits by 2015. These were the the Millenium Development Goals (MGDs)

MGD Number 5: Maternal Health Care

1. Decrease the Maternal Mortality ratio by ¾
2. Increase the proportion of births attended by skilled and trained attendants/midwives
3. Achieve universal access for women to reproductive services
-increase the use of contraception globally
-decrease the adolescent birth rate
-increase family planning resources/services
-improve antenatal services

(United Nations Development Programme 2007)

(World Health Organization 2010)